What is web hosting? How to choose between hosting for websites? Read and know more about hosting service

Web hosting, in one way is a method of Internet hosting service that allows individuals and organizations to make their website accessible via the World Wide Web (WWW) consortium. There are many types of web hosting, out of which six methods will give you a crisp idea on – what type of service is better to choose in a particular situation. They are: shared hosting, dedicated hosting, free hosting, Virtual private server (VPS), colocation and cloud hosting.

Web hosting is known as shared hosting? What are other hosting plans?

Shared Hosting:

The shared hosting service is one of very cost effective methods of hosting. Several hundred to thousands of websites are hosted at one place. I.e. many websites will be living on a single server. This includes sharing the physical server and the software applications used within the server. The hosting here is affordable. Websites that use only static pages and organizations that use web to just showcase the products, for such websites this hosting may be very beneficial. Often the client’s question will be – What are the cons on shared hosting? The answer is slow response. Since many websites run on a single server the response will be very slow. And due to one website if the server crashes, then all the websites will have its downtime.

What do we do when the server crashes? Most of the good hosting companies will have ticketing system wherein the client can raise a ticket on their problems. Thus you have to raise a ticket by providing proper description of the issue. Some companies also provide you with live chat support for billing, sales and technical support. You may also ask assistance in chat with the customer service.

When do we move from shared to dedicated hosting or any other hosting services? If server crashes due to your website, It may happen due to following reason: bandwidth crossed, huge number of requests to your website at any particular time. In such cases the hosting company will inform you the root cause for the server crash. They will not only inform but brief on what must be done in future to avoid server crash. Most of the occasions the reason provided will be as follows- “shared host is not able to withstand you’re bandwidth, Kindly buy an upgraded hosting service”.
Any of the below briefed services can be opted when shared hosting is not able to withstand the available bandwidth.

Dedicated hosting:

Dedicated hosting service is exact opposite of shared hosting, wherein every website has its own web server. To be more specific you will be allotted with a server to yourself. The big advantage of this is faster performance. There is no sharing of resources between the websites. This adds to a higher level of security and reliability. Dedicated hosting is a very good option in case your website requires hefty system resources. If you are providing live telecast of any program, streaming videos, or if you run social media websites, then such hosting is very much essential. Your website will never be denied access to the resources it needs to handle traffic and media, hence you never have to worry about your site going down or being temporarily unreliable due to other customer’s use of the server.
Now you may ask – How much does this cost? Yes, hosting here is very expensive. But there are several advantages using this kind of servers. Whether your site is swamped with traffic every day or needs to load a lot of high-resolution photos and videos, dedicated server hosting keeps things running quickly and efficiently.
What we need to do in case of miscellaneous problems? As in the case of shared servers, here too they use ticket system to raise problems and write on malfunctioning in servers. You have to just raise a ticket with properly formatted description so that the support will understand your query. Most of the renowned companies for dedicated hosting provide 24-hour priority technical supports.

Free hosting:

Free hosting is a very good alternative when you are building a non-critical website. Often on the free host the connection speed is slow. Since you are using it for free of cost, you will not be in a position to question the web service company when website is down. Advertises may automatically pop up on your website. Some companies provide you with free domain names whereas others offer you free subdomains, as [yourname.webhoster.com]. One important note to remember is that you will never be able to transfer thee free subdomain. Frequently asked question – When do we use free hosting? Individuals use this hosting to write blogs. Some small organizations which do not have any budgets may also be hosted on free servers.

Is our data secured on free servers? Once you have uploaded the information, documents or data on free hosting, you will never be able to claim it as yours. Since you are using someone else’s server, it will be very easy for the server owner to claim the information to be his own. Thus one must be very careful on what kind of data to upload on free servers. Using such servers is strictly not advised.

Virtual Private Server (VPS):

The confusion in most of the users is they imagine virtual server as dedicated server. The answer is no, both are different. However on many purposes VPS are functionally equivalent to the dedicated physical servers. But the performance may be less, and may depend on workload of other instances because practically the websites are working on same hardware node. VPS hosting is cost effective (cheaper) compared to dedicated servers.
Some of the users have a reasonable imagination of VPS being a shared server. The ambiguity will be answered in form of points below:

1) The owners of VPS have the rights to govern the resources of the server, whereas the shared server users have no option but to use the available resources.

2) Since thousands of websites may not be hosted on a VPS, they are always faster compared to the shared servers.

3) Virtual Servers provides you with guaranteed volume of disk space, processor used, processing power, RAM and bandwidth available. But shared servers guarantee only certain volume of disk space.

Basically, VPS is an optimal solution for moderate usage projects. In turn, dedicated hosting is feasible only for major projects.

Colocation hosting service:

Colocation hosting is again similar to the dedicated hosting, but here the user owns the server itself; the hosting company provides physical space that the server takes up and takes care of the server. Or even you can purchase your own server and have it housed at a web host’s facilities. This is the most powerful and expensive type of web hosting service. The client would have his own administrator visit to the data center on site to do any hardware upgrades or modifications. If you feel that the machine is too slow, running inefficient or doesn’t have enough memory, we can simply upgrade the server. We do not have to sit and wait for our provider to get around to upgrading it. There are also services provided by companies wherein you can leave the data center, network, hardware management, power and security all to the collocating service.

The question often put up – When is such hosting useful? Colocation facilities have better outage protection. Say we have a backup generator; but it may not powerful enough to keep the server running the entire time, whereas at a colocation provider, we are paying for power generators and backup power to protect against similar kind of scenario. We also need proper cooling system, thus the operator of a colocation facility generally provides air conditioning for the computer and telecommunications equipment in the building. Many colocation providers would accept any system configuration for hosting, even ones housed in desktop-style computer chassis cases, but most hosts now require rack mount enclosures and standard system configurations. Since e-commerce websites must run throughout day and night, they are bound to use colocation hosting.

Cloud Hosting:

Cloud hosting states a method of configuring servers in a flexible way to allow the most affordable, scalable, and reliable web infrastructure.

They allow you to control your resources, control access and operate with complete privacy. The dedicated resources of a private cloud make them popular with businesses and other organizations concerned with privacy and security. With more small businesses needing server capacity to manage the outbreak of websites, it has now created a market for cloud hosting to meet consumer need at a much lower cost. Since shared hosting has limited configuration capabilities, and user access to the operating system is constrained, cloud hosting is expected to be the future in hosting servers. By experts analysis, it is been said that the growth of the cloud platform industry is exponential, accelerated by international emerging markets. This is because the cloud virtualization is increasingly appreciated globally and is readily available in most of the regions.

What comes to everyone’s mind when you think of Cloud? You can think of the cloud as a gigantic, invisible server center in the sky where you can store unlimited chunk of data, use a myriad of applications will access all the software you need to run your business. And behind the scenes, in this data center in the sky, imagine an array of world class computer technicians with one objective to make sure everything is always up, running and securely backed up. This is why the cloud is so exciting for organizations of all sizes.

Is cloud hosting the best hosting web environment? Firstly, we need to understand that cloud hosting is a solution to the limitations of shared hosting and the high expense of dedicated servers. The hardware here is virtualized and managed by a hypervisor or Virtual machine monitor (VMM). This hypervisor is able to administer on all servers as well as has full rights to create partitions of CPU, Allot RAM, sufficient volume of storage and network. Since each customer gets their own virtual server instance and there is no competition for resources sharing amongst the websites or users, it appears to them as if they have are using dedicated server. The main advantages in cloud are immediate response, availability and reliability. But since cloud is a very new subject to a lot of individuals they struggle to take firm decisions.

Now we hope you have now gained sufficient knowledge on what a web hosting is and how it works. We also expect you to make a firm decision on what type of hosting you should go for; in order to make your organization successful.

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3 Responses to “What is web hosting? How to choose between hosting for websites? Read and know more about hosting service”
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